PHP – How To Manually Install PHP on IIS 10.0 for Windows Server 2016

Installing PHP 7 on IIS Server 2016

 

This guide will take you through installing PHP7 on Server 2016. ​​ This is what works for me after following many guides, so I thought I would write​​ my own. PHP is required for many of the Open Source blogging apps or CMS Packages out there, but can be a bit fiddly to install.

I have had success using the IIS web platform components installer, but lately some requirements get left behind and things don’t work, so this is a quick and dirty manual guide.

So what’s needed, hop over to​​ http://windows.php.net​​ and pick up the latest version of PHP which at the time of writing is 7.1. I have used the VC14 x64 Non-Thread​​ Safe version, which is recommended for use on Windows IIS.

Also required is the Visual C++ Redistributables for visual Studio, PHP based on VC14 requires the redistributables indicated below.

 

When PHP and the VC Redist package is downloaded Install the​​ VC_Redistx64.exe, create a folder in the C drive called PHP7, and extract the downloaded PHP zip file to the folder. Open the PHP7 folder and copy the php.ini-development file and save it as php.ini. Open this file and make the following changes;

Fastcgi_impersonate = 1
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0 (zero)
extension_dir = “ext”
errorlog = “c:\php7\php_errorslog”
Timezone = UTC (Or your time zone)

 

Enabling PHP Modules.

Further down the php.ini file we need to “un” comment loadable module that php requires to function

Un comment out following lines under Dynamic Extensions; then save the file. These are the minimum required if using a CMS with MySQL.



Add PHP to the Environment Variable Path statement


Click Environment Variables…


Select Path and then Edit…

Select New, this allows you to input a new “path variable” into the path, Type C:\PHP7


If desired you can move the new entry up the list. This will put it closer to the start of the Path variable, but is not necessary.​​ 

Click OK, OK, OK. ​​ Restart the​​ server

A quick check that things are on track can be achieved by opening PowerShell and typing php –info

If you get a screen full of output, like below, then things are looking good

 

Install IIS

Install IIS ensuring the CGI option is selected​​ 

Some features may need the Server OS DVD in the drive or the ISO mounted if doing this in a Virtual Machine as an alternate source path is needed to be specified for some features. The scrip​​ here​​ will install all the features and roles​​ BUT, assumes your CD/DVD is Z:\ and that you have either, a second partition on your drive labelled as D:\ or a second drive installed, labelled as D:\ ​​ Edit the script as necessary. Some things the script​​ does is to create a new Inetpub\wwwroot folder on D:\ and copies all the c:\inetpub\wwwroot data to the new folder then deletes the C:\inetpub\wwwroot. IF you don’t have a second drive or partition configured parts of the script will fail.

 

Add a Module Mapping

Once IIS is installed, open up IIS Manager and open the Handler Mappings.

Double click Handler Mappings

 


On the right-hand side menu, select Add Module Mapping…

 


Fill in the required information

 

 

 

Select Request Restrictions…

Ensure the​​ following selections are as shown




On the Mapping Tab



On the Verbs Tab



On the Access Tab

Click OK, OK

When presented with the CGI application notification


Click Yes

 

Restart the Server

When the server is back up and running, create a text file​​ with the following

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

 

Save this file in the Inetpub\wwwroot folder as Index.php ensure there is no .TXT extension. When saving the file as shown

Add Index.php top the IIS Default Document list.

Open IIS Manager, select the Server, and then select Default Document


Double click Default Document


​​ 
Click Add…In the Add Default Document type Index.php, click OK

The new default document will appear in the list of documents.

Now it’s time to test our install. Open a web browser and go to​​ http://localhost/​​ all being well you should be presented with the php configuration output

 

That’s it, your server is now configured to deliver pages using PHP…..

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